Basic Overview of MLA and APA Formats

This summer my professor told us that we had to write our paper in APA and I panicked. I had written all of my papers in only MLA style and now I had to learn a whole new format. I was both scared and excited to learn a format that my professor said researchers use. The following will compare and contrast what the MLA format contains versus what the APA style contains.

The following information was adapted from Purdue OWL.

“Summary:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. .”

MLA

  • Double-spaced, standard-sized paper, 1 inch margins, and 12pt Times New Roman font
  • A page header consist of ones last name and page number typed at the right top of the page
  • The front cover of an MLA page also consists of ones name, professor’s name, the title of the class and the date
  • The following are basic in-text citation rules
  • When quoting or paraphrasing an author’s work remember to type the author’s last name and the page number in parenthesis ex: (Lima 22)
  • If the author is referred to in the sentence then just type in the page number in parenthesis ex: (22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APA

  • Double-spaced, standard-sized paper, 1 inch margins, and 12pt Times New Roman font
  • The page header in APA is also called running head which is what should be typed at the top of the page then in all caps lock should be the title of the paper
  • APA has a title page before starting the essay on the next page. This is what one should include
    • Title of paper
    • Author’s name
    • The institution affiliation
  • Make sure to include this information in the middle of the page
  • On the following page an abstract page should be included.  The abstract is summary of what one’s paper is about highlighting the research topic, questions, methods…etc.
  • The following are basic in-text citations
  • Before you quote or paraphrase the author’s work make sure to add the date the authors work was published ex: Lima (2004)…
  • Remember to type the author’s last name and the page number in parenthesis if the author is not named in the quote. This time you add the year as well ex: (Lima, 2004, p. 22)
  • If the author is named in the quote or paraphrasing type “p.” or “pp.” and the page number ex: (p. 22) or (pp.22)

Check out a sample paper in MLA (1 ) and APA (2)  from Purdue Owl!

Here is a website that cites websites, books..etc. -> http://www.easybib.com/

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